English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now the global lingua franca. Named after the Angles, one of the Germanic tribes that migrated to England, it ultimately derives its name from the Anglia (Angeln) peninsula in the Baltic Sea. It is most closely related to the Frisian languages, although its vocabulary has been significantly influenced by other Germanic languages in the early medieval period, and later by Romance languages, particularly French.
English is the third most common native language in the world, after Mandarin and Spanish.The earliest form of English is called Old English or Anglo-Saxon. The oldest word in the English language is ‘town’ originated from old English and has kept the same definition.