Basque, (Euskara, in Basque), is one of a handful of non-Indo-European languages with a home in Western Europe. Others include Estonian, Finnish, Hungarian, Sami, and Maltese. It is a language isolate, i.e., it has no known relatives anywhere in the world. This has led to a number of hypotheses regarding its origin. The prevailing theory is that an early form of Basque was spoken in southwestern Europe before the arrival of Indo-Europeans, perhaps as early as 2,000 years ago.
Today Basque is spoken by 659,000 people in the Basque Country (Euskadi), an autonomous community in the Pyrenees in North-Central Spain, South-Western France, and the autonomous community of Navarre in Spain (Ethnologue).