Romania is home to the largest gold deposit in continental Europe. In fact, it is not just gold that attracts miners to this country. The history of gold mining in Romania has been highlighted by Rosia Montana, a village located in the Transylvania region of the country. It is believed that gold was mined in this region as early as the Stone Age. Direct references to gold mining around here date back to the second century AD, and it is believed to be one of the oldest mining sites in the world.