Finland officially the Republic of Finland, is a sovereign state in Northern Europe. A peninsula with the Gulf of Finland to the south and the Gulf of Bothnia to the west, the country has land borders with Sweden to the northwest, Norway to the north, and Russia to the east. Estonia is south of the country across the Gulf of Finland.

The terms “Finland” and “Finns” are external obscure derivations from early Roman references to people known as Fenni or sometimes Suomalaiset and their country as Suomi, which means a bog or swamp.