Haiti, officially the Republic of Haiti and formerly called Hayti, is a country located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea.

Haiti was the first independent country in Latin America and the Caribbean, the first black-led republic in the world and the second republic in the Americas after it gained independence in 1804.

Source: http://traveltips.usatoday.com/celebrations-haiti-107423.html