Revolution Day is an Algerian public holiday celebrated on November 1. It commemorates the beginning of the Algerian War of Independence, also known as the Algerian Revolution, in 1954.
Algeria was invaded and captured by the French in 1830. From 1848, France administered Algeria as an integral part of the nation. This overseas territory became home for hundreds of thousands of European immigrants. French settlers (Pied-Noirs) enjoyed all the privileges, while local Muslim population lacked economical and political status.